Published in Wheat Information Service 112: 7-10, 2011
Qasem Mohammad Obaidi, Mahmood Osmanzai, Ravi Singh, Javier Pena, Hans Joachim Braun and Rajiv Sharma
Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the most important food grain in Afghan agriculture and its economy as it is grown in about 2.5 m ha (Anonymous 2010), which is about 80% of the area cultivated under all cereals. The total wheat production in 2010 was recorded at 4.5 m tons, which accounts for 79% of all cereals produced in Afghanistan (Anonymous 2010). Wheat alone accounts for 60% of the total caloric intake at a per capita consumption rate of 162 kg/year (Government of Afghanistan 2003). The wheat grain is imported to meet the production gap. Increasing wheat yield through improved high yielding new varieties is more cost effective and sustainable option. Of all wheat area in Afghanistan, 45% is irrigated and 55% rain fed. The wheat growing environments are further complicated by the occurrence of diverse wheat diseases, pests and abiotic stresses (Sharma et al. 2011).
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