CIMMYT Official Journal Articles

Posted by gabrielamartinez on , in CIMMYT Publications, Journal Articles, Links, News

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Guidelines for Dry Seeded Rice (DSR) : in the Terai and Mid Hills of Nepal

Posted by gabrielamartinez on , in CIMMYT Publications

56858Authors: Devkota, K., Sudhir-Yadav, Ranjit, J.D., Sherchan, D.P., Regmi, A., Akhtar, T., Humphreys, E., Chauhan, B.S., Malik, R.K., Kumar, V., McDonald, A., Devkota, M.

Published in: Nepal, CSISA; IFAD; IRRI; CIMMYT, 2014.


 

Dry seeded rice (DSR) is becoming an attractive option for farmers as it has a much lower labor requirement and establishment cost than manually transplanted rice. Labor for transplanting rice has become scarce and costly because laborers are shifting from agriculture to industry, public works, and overseas employment. DSR can be readily adopted by small farmers as well as large farmers, provided that the required machinery is locally available (e.g., through custom hire). Best practice involves using a 2- or 4-wheel tractor-drawn drill to seed in rows in nontilled or dry tilled soil, as for wheat. Because the soil is not puddled, DSR also has a lower water requirement for crop establishment.

Guidelines for Dry Seeded Rice (DSR) : in the Eastern Gangetic Plains of India

Posted by gabrielamartinez on , in CIMMYT Publications

56853Authors: Yadav, S., Humphreys, E., Chauhan, B.S., Kamboj, B.R., Laik, R., Kumar, V., McDonald, A., Jat, M.L., Gathala, M.K., Malik, R., Sukhwinder-Singh

Published in: India: CSISA; IFAD; IRRI; CIMMYT, 2013.


 

Dry seeded rice (DSR) is becoming an attractive option for farmers as it has a much lower labor requirement than manually transplanted rice. Labor for transplanting rice has become scarce and costly because laborers are shifting from agriculture to industry, public works, and services. DSR can be readily adopted by small farmers as well as large farmers, provided that the required machinery is locally available (e.g., through custom hire). Best practice involves using a 2- or 4-wheel tractor-drawn drill to seed in rows in nontilled or dry tilled soil, as for wheat. Because the soil is not puddled, DSR also has a lower water requirement for crop establishment.

Gestion des entreprises semencieres en Afrique

Posted by Carelia Juarez on , in CIMMYT Publications

Gestion des entreprises semencieres en Afrique. 2014. MacRobert, J.F. Mexico, DF (Mexico): CIMMYT xviii, 225 p.

99381.pdfLa dernière décennie a connu une forte croissance du nombre de nouvelles entreprises semencières émergentes en Afrique, en Asie et en Amérique latine. Si celles-ci prospèrent, elles contribueront considérablement à la croissance économique des pays, régions et des agriculteurs. L’utilisation de semences de variétés améliorées constitue l’essence même du progrès en matière de productivité agricole. Il s’agit d’un catalyseur majeur pour les investissements en engrais organiques et inorganiques, pour les pratiques agricoles de maintien et qui offre une plus grande rémunération aux agriculteurs. Cependant, moins de la moitié des agriculteurs des pays à faible revenu ont accès aux semences de maïs à haut rendement et encore moins à d’autres cultures. Les entreprises semencières émergentes explorent de nouveaux marchés, offrent des semences de variétés et de types de récoltes plus variées, informent et offrent une formation aux agriculteurs : leur succès est essentiel pour la réussite de l’économie agricole.

Gestão da Indústria de Sementes em África

Posted by Carelia Juarez on , in CIMMYT Publications

Gestão da Indústria de Sementes em África. 2014. MacRobert, J.F. Mexico, DF (Mexico): CIMMYT xviii, 225 p.

99382.pdfNa última década registou-se um forte crescimento no número de novas empresas de sementes que surgiram em África, na Ásia e na América Latina. Se forem bem-sucedidas, irão contribuir enormemente para o crescimento económico dos seus países, regiões e agricultores. A utilização de variedades melhoradas de sementes envolve a essência da melhoria da produtividade agrícola e é um dos principais catalisadores no investimento em fertilizantes orgânicos e inorgânicos, conservação de práticas e trabalho agrícolas para assegurar uma maior rentabilidade aos agricultores. No entanto, menos de 50% de todos os agricultores nos países de baixos rendimentos têm acesso a sementes de milho que aumentam a rentabilidade e menos ainda a outras sementes. As empresas de sementes agora emergentes exploram novos mercados, disponibilizam sementes e culturas de variedades mais diversificadas, informam e educam os agricultores: o seu sucesso é fundamental para o sucesso das economias agrícolas.